When management encounters complexity
This paper aims at showing how management has come to encounter the sciences of complexity. Therefore the various levels and domains of management are outlined which leverage from the study of complexity. This is not, however, a descriptive study. Rather, we focus on how management can benefit from knowing of the sciences of complexity. New tools and rods, new languages and approaches are sketched that show a radical shift in management leading from a once dependent discipline from physics and engineering, towards a biologically and ecologically permeated new management.Whereas the main concern for complexity consists in understanding complex phenomena and systems, at the end a number of successful applications of complexity to management and entrepreneurial consulting are considered.