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dc.contributor.advisorCorrea Bautista, Jorge Enrique 
dc.contributor.advisorMartínez Torres, Javier 
dc.creatorRuíz Castellanos Erika Johanna 
dc.creatorMartínez Torres, Javier 
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-16T12:22:35Z
dc.date.available2017-03-16T12:22:35Z
dc.date.created2016-12-09
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.urihttp://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/13125
dc.descriptionAntecedentes: El consumo de bebidas azucaradas es un tema de salud pública por los efectos negativos sobre el riesgo de sobrepeso y obesidad en niños y adolescentes. En América Latina, se ha aumentado el consumo de estas bebidas en las últimas décadas. En Colombia, el mayor consumo de bebidas azucaradas se observa en las personas 9-30 años. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el consumo de bebidas azucaradas e indicadores de adiposidad en niños y adolescentes escolares participantes del estudio FUPRECOL en Bogotá, Colombia. Diseño: Estudio transversal descriptivo-correlacional. Materiales y Métodos. En una muestra por conveniencia de 8.136 niños y adolescentes entre 9 y 17 años, voluntarios, escolares de veintiocho instituciones educativas públicas de Bogotá. Además del sexo y la edad, se valoró el consumo de bebidas azucaradas y variables antropométricas de peso, talla, pliegues cutáneos y circunferencia de cintura. Se estimó el IMC. La información se extrajo de la encuesta estructurada del estudio Fuprecol y con el programa IBM SPSS statistic 23,0 se hizo análisis descriptivo exploratorio univariado, se categorizó el consumo de bebidas azucaradas, se valoró la asociación con la prueba Ji2 y se ajustaron modelos de regresión logística binaria simple y multivariable, con intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados. El 63,5% de los participantes presentó exceso de adiposidad, la cual fue mayor en varones (67,1%) que en mujeres (60,9%). La prueba de Ji2 indicó relación significativa, para el grupo etario y el IMC, lo que sugiere que la clasificación de edad y de IMC están asociadas a tener sobrepeso y obesidad (p<0,001). El 21,4% de los participantes consume diariamente bebidas gaseosas/carbonatadas, siendo los adolescentes quienes más consumen (22,4%). Conclusiones. No se estableció una relación entre el consumo de bebidas azucaradas con indicadores de adiposidad en esta población. La frecuencia de consumo diario de bebidas gaseosas es alta (21,4%).
dc.description.abstractBackground and Purpose. Consumption of sugary drinks has become a topic of concern in terms of public health, due to its proven negative health effects and their allegedly relation to risk of overweight and obesity, especially in children and adolescents. In Latin America, there has been an increase in consumption in recent decades. In Colombia, increased consumption of sugary drinks is observed in people 9-30 years. The purpose of this study was to describe the association between the consumption of sugary drinks with markers of adiposity in children and adolescents of Bogota, Colombia. Methods. Cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 8. 136 children and adolescents between 9 and 17 years, belonging to twenty-eight public educational institutions of Bogotá, Colombia. Anthropometric variables such as weight, height, skinfold thickness and waist circumference were measured; BMI was also estimated. Sugary drinks consumption was determined through the Fuprecol questionnaire. Other variables such as sex and age were considered. All data were collected through structured survey. Univariate analysis were made and associations were established by building simple models and multivariate binary logistic regression with confidence intervals at 95%. An exploratory analysis was conducted to determine the distribution of the percentages for each of the variables. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages were classified to determine the association between the variables and the frequency of consumption. Results. 63. 5% of participants had excess adiposity, which was higher in men (67. 1%) than women (60. 9%) were. 21. 4% of participants consumed daily soda / carbonated beverages, the largest consumption in adolescents (22. 4%). The Ji2 test showed a significant relation for age and BMI, suggesting that children and adolescents and BMI classification depend of overweight/obesity (p&lt; 0, 001). Conclusions. Despite finding no association between consumption of sugary drinks with markers of adiposity in this population, frequency of daily consumption is high.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.subjectBebidas carbonatadas
dc.subjectBebidas gasesosas
dc.subjectIndicadoes de adiposidad
dc.subjectObesidad infantil
dc.subjectNiños
dc.subjectAdolescentes
dc.subject.ddcGinecología & otras especialidades médicas 
dc.subject.lembBebidas gaseosas
dc.titleRelación entre el consumo de bebidas azucaradas e indicadores de adiposidad en niños y adolescentes de Bogotá : estudio FUPRECOL 2014
dc.typemasterThesis
dc.publisherUniversidad del Rosario
dc.creator.degreeMagíster en actividad física y salud
dc.publisher.programMaestría en Actividad Física y Salud
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de medicina
dc.subject.keywordSugar drinks
dc.subject.keywordSoft drinks
dc.subject.keywordCarbonated beverage
dc.subject.keywordChild
dc.subject.keywordAdolescent
dc.subject.keywordPedriatric obesity
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.decsObesidad pediátrica
dc.subject.decsGrasa abdominal
dc.subject.decsFactores de Riesgo
dc.subject.decsMedicina de la Conducta
dc.type.spaTesis de maestría
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto completo)
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
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dc.rights.ccAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia
dc.rights.licenciaEL AUTOR, manifiesta que la obra objeto de la presente autorización es original y la realizó sin violar o usurpar derechos de autor de terceros, por lo tanto la obra es de exclusiva autoría y tiene la titularidad sobre la misma. PARGRAFO: En caso de presentarse cualquier reclamación o acción por parte de un tercero en cuanto a los derechos de autor sobre la obra en cuestión, EL AUTOR, asumirá toda la responsabilidad, y saldrá en defensa de los derechos aquí autorizados; para todos los efectos la universidad actúa como un tercero de buena fe. EL AUTOR, autoriza a LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, para que en los términos establecidos en la Ley 23 de 1982, Ley 44 de 1993, Decisión andina 351 de 1993, Decreto 460 de 1995 y demás normas generales sobre la materia, utilice y use la obra objeto de la presente autorización. -------------------------------------- POLITICA DE TRATAMIENTO DE DATOS PERSONALES. Declaro que autorizo previa y de forma informada el tratamiento de mis datos personales por parte de LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO para fines académicos y en aplicación de convenios con terceros o servicios conexos con actividades propias de la academia, con estricto cumplimiento de los principios de ley. Para el correcto ejercicio de mi derecho de habeas data cuento con la cuenta de correo habeasdata@urosario.edu.co, donde previa identificación podré solicitar la consulta, corrección y supresión de mis datos.


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