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dc.contributor.advisorCohen, Daniel Dylan 
dc.contributor.advisorArgothy, Rodrigo 
dc.creatorCarreño, Javier 
dc.descriptionLa fuerza muscular y el dolor son los factores neuromusculares más influyentes en los pacientes con Osteoartrosis (OA) de rodilla. Sin embargo, la tasa de desarrollo de la fuerza podría ser muy relevante en estos pacientes. EL objetivo del estudio fue evaluar los efectos del entrenamiento por aceleración (WBV) + ejercicios de resistencia (RT) Vs RT sin vibración sobre el rendimiento neuromuscular isométrico y dinámico de los miembros inferiores (MMII) en pacientes con OA de rodilla. Se llevó a cabo un ensayo clínico controlado simple con 60 sujetos (edad de 48 años + 14.2) con diagnóstico o en riesgo de OA de rodilla físicamente activos. Se les evaluó su desempeño neuromuscular dinámico con el test Sit to Stand (STS), e isométrico con el test de leg press-ISO (ISO). Se distribuyeron aleatoriamente dos grupos Se ejecutó entre Agosto a Octubre de 2017. El entrenamiento era 3 veces por semana, durante 12 semanas con una duración de 10- 15 minutos. Un grupo Control (CON) realizó solo RT de MMII y otro grupo realizo RT de MMII + vibración (WBV). Se encontraron resultados significativos a favor del entrenamiento de resistencia sin vibración en algunas variables, sin embargo en relación al dolor, el entrenamiento por aceleración abtuvo resultados significativos. Adicionar vibración a RT por 12 semanas no resulta más eficaz en la mejora del desempeño neuromuscular en MMII que el entrenamiento de RT sin vibración en pacientes con OA de rodilla.
dc.description.abstractMuscle strength and pain are the most influential neuromuscular factors in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. However, the rate of strength development could be really important in these patients. The main for this study was evaluate the effects of Whole Body Vibration (WBV) + resistance training (RT) Vs only RT without vibration (CON) on the isometric and dynamic neuromuscular performance of the lower limbs in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). A simple controlled clinical trial was conducted with 60 physically active subjects. (Age 48 years + 14.2) with diagnosis or at risk of knee OA. Their dynamic neuromuscular performance was evaluated with the Sit to Stand test (STS), and isometric with the leg press-ISO test (ISO). Two groups were randomly distributed. It was executed between August and October of 2017. Later, the training was 3 times a week, for 12 weeks with a duration of 10-15 minutes. CON group performed only RT of lower limbs and other groups performed RT of lower limbs + vibration (WBV). There were results significant differences for CON group but el WBV group has significant differences when the topic was the pain. Adding WBV to RT for 12 weeks is no more effective in improving lower limb neuromuscular performance than RT without vibration in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.subjectEntrenamiento de resistencia
dc.subjectReflejo de sobresalto
dc.subjectFuerza muscular
dc.subject.ddcPromoción de salud 
dc.subject.lembFuerza muscular
dc.titleEfectos del entrenamiento por aceleración en el desempeño neuromuscular en pacientes con osteoartrosis de rodilla : ensayo clínico controlado
dc.publisherUniversidad del Rosario
dc.creator.degreeMagíster en actividad física y salud
dc.publisher.programMaestría en Actividad Física y Salud
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de medicina
dc.subject.keywordResistance training
dc.subject.keywordReflex startle
dc.subject.keywordMuscle strength.
dc.type.spaTesis de maestría
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)
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dc.rights.ccAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia
dc.rights.licenciaEL AUTOR, manifiesta que la obra objeto de la presente autorización es original y la realizó sin violar o usurpar derechos de autor de terceros, por lo tanto la obra es de exclusiva autoría y tiene la titularidad sobre la misma. PARGRAFO: En caso de presentarse cualquier reclamación o acción por parte de un tercero en cuanto a los derechos de autor sobre la obra en cuestión, EL AUTOR, asumirá toda la responsabilidad, y saldrá en defensa de los derechos aquí autorizados; para todos los efectos la universidad actúa como un tercero de buena fe. EL AUTOR, autoriza a LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, para que en los términos establecidos en la Ley 23 de 1982, Ley 44 de 1993, Decisión andina 351 de 1993, Decreto 460 de 1995 y demás normas generales sobre la materia, utilice y use la obra objeto de la presente autorización. -------------------------------------- POLITICA DE TRATAMIENTO DE DATOS PERSONALES. Declaro que autorizo previa y de forma informada el tratamiento de mis datos personales por parte de LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO para fines académicos y en aplicación de convenios con terceros o servicios conexos con actividades propias de la academia, con estricto cumplimiento de los principios de ley. Para el correcto ejercicio de mi derecho de habeas data cuento con la cuenta de correo, donde previa identificación podré solicitar la consulta, corrección y supresión de mis datos.

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