Effects of high-intensity interval training, resistance training, or combined training on the ideal cardiovascular health metrics in adults with metabolic syndrome criteria : A secondary analysis of the cardiometabolic HIIT-RT study
AuthorHernández Bonilla, Alejandra
We aimed to investigate whether 12 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT), resistance training (RT), combined training (CT=HIII+RT), or nutritional guidance (NG) induced improvements in metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors and ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) in sedentary and overweight adults. Methods: This secondary analysis derives from the Cardiometabolic HIIT-RT study (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT02715063). The study included a total of 51 sedentary subjects aged 30–50 years. Subjects with abdominal obesity or excess weight, and who identified as being willing and almost immediately available were enrolled. Parameters linked to CVH such as anthropometric and body composition, cardiovascular indices, and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were assessed. Results: After the intervention, HIIT, RT and CT improved maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and muscular strength, but HIIT elicited the largest improvements for VO2max (effect size=0.579) and RT for muscular strength (effect size=0.625). Only the NG group had an increase in the percentage of the pre-value in the healthy diet metric, whereas the HIIT and CT groups had an improvement in VO2max. The HIIT and RT groups had a 33.4% (P = 0.032) and 41.6% (P = 0.020) increase in >5 metrics, respectively. Conclusion: Both the HIIT and RT programs increased the ideal CVH metrics, supporting the positive effect of both exercise training programs on CVH in sedentary and overweight adults.
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