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dc.contributor.advisorRamírez, Juan David 
dc.creatorPatiño, Luz H. 
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-07T12:32:03Z
dc.date.available2019-10-07T12:32:03Z
dc.date.created2019-09-26
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/20397
dc.descriptionLa Leishmaniasis es una enfermedad tropical ocasionada por parásitos protozoarios del género Leishmania. En Colombia esta enfermedad representa un grave problema de salud pública debido al elevado número de casos reportados anualmente, la cantidad de especies encontradas y la aparición de cepas resistentes, principalmente frente a los medicamentos de primera línea: antimoniato N-metil glucamina (Glucantime®). Hasta el momento, varios estudios utilizando técnicas de secuenciación de última generación y basados en herramientas como las “omicas” han proporcionado información crucial con respecto a los mecanismos de resistencia y adaptación utilizados por estos parásitos frente a los antimoniales. Sin embargo, este conocimiento en especies de Leishmania del nuevo mundo son escasos, así como estudios que permitan describir la arquitectura genómica intra-especifica en estas especies. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior, este estudio evaluó el comportamiento genómico y transcriptómico de las principales especies de Leishmania que circulan en Colombia bajo la presión al N-metil glucamina (Glucantime® (SbIII), así como la arquitectura genómica de estas especies, obtenidas a partir de aislamientos clínicos. Los resultados producto de esta tesis permitieron describir que (i) la distribución de las especies de Leishmania a nivel urbano/selvático es diferente, (ii) los cambios genómicos y transcriptómicos en respuesta a los antimoniales trivalentes es una característica compartida entre especies del viejo y del nuevo mundo y (iii) describir la baja variación estructural encontrada en Leishmania braziliensis y Leishmania panamensis. Finalmente, consideramos que estudios adicionales son necesarios con el propósito de seguir ampliando el conocimiento acerca de los mecanismos de adaptación de este parásito.
dc.description.abstractLeishmaniasis is a tropical disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. In Colombia, this disease represents a serious public health problem due to the high number of cases reported annually, the number of species found and the appearance of resistant strains, mainly compared to first-line drugs: N-methyl glucamine antimoniato (Glucantime®) . So far, several studies using next generation sequencing and tools based on “omicas” have provided crucial information regarding the resistance and adaptation mechanisms used by these parasites against antimonials. However, this knowledge in Leishmania species of the new world is scarce, as well as studies that allow to describe the intra-specific genomic architecture in these species. Taking into account the above, this study evaluated the genomic and transcriptomic behavior of the main Leishmania species that circulate in Colombia under the pressure of N-methyl glucamine (Glucantime® (SbIII), as well as the genomic architecture of these species, obtained at from clinical isolates. The results of this thesis allowed us to describe that (i) the distribution of Leishmania species at urban / jungle level is different, (ii) genomic and transcriptomic changes in response to trivalent antimonials is a characteristic shared between species of the old and of the new world and (iii) describe the low structural variation found in Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania panamensis. Finally, we consider that additional studies are necessary in order to continue expanding the knowledge about the adaptation mechanisms of this parasite.
dc.description.sponsorshipDepartamento administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Colciencias), dentro del marco del Programa Nacional para promover la formación en la investigación (convocatoria 647)
dc.description.sponsorshipDirección Académica de la Universidad del Rosario
dc.description.sponsorshipDirección de Investigación e Innovación de la Universidad del Rosario
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.subjectLeishmania
dc.subjectResistencia
dc.subjectADN-seq
dc.subjectARN-seq
dc.subjectGlucantime
dc.subjectSomia
dc.subjectVNC
dc.subjectSNPs
dc.subject.ddcCiencias médicas, Medicina 
dc.subject.lembMedicina
dc.subject.lembEnfermedades
dc.titleGenómica y transcriptómica comparativa en cepas de Leishmania de Colombia
dc.typedoctoralThesis
dc.publisherUniversidad del Rosario
dc.creator.degreeDoctor en Ciencias Biomédicas y Biológicas
dc.publisher.programDoctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas y Biológicas
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemáticas
dc.title.alternativeGenomic and transcriptomic comparative in Leishmania species from Colombia
dc.subject.keywordLeishmaniasis
dc.subject.keywordDNA-seq
dc.subject.keywordRNA seq
dc.subject.keywordCNV
dc.subject.keywordSNPs
dc.subject.keywordResistance
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.spaTesis de doctorado
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
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dc.creator.degreetypeFull time
dc.contributor.coadvisorPavia Velandia, Paula Ximena


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