Vertical Jump and Leg Power Normative Data for Colombian Schoolchildren Aged 9-17.9 Years: The FUPRECOL Study
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NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association
Ramírez-Vélez, R, Correa-Bautista, JE, Lobelo, F, Cadore, EL, Alonso-Martinez, AM, and Izquierdo, M. Vertical jump and leg power normative data for Colombian schoolchildren aged 9-17.9 years: the FUPRECOL study. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 990-998, 2017 - The aims of the present study were to generate normative vertical jump height and predicted peak power (P peak) data for 9- to 17.9-year-olds and to investigate between-sex and age group differences in these measures. This was a cross-sectional study of 7,614 healthy schoolchildren (boys n = 3,258 and girls n = 4,356, mean [SD] age 12.8 [2.3] years). Each participant performed 2 countermovement jumps; jump height was calculated using a Takei 5414 Jump-DF Digital Vertical (Takei Scientific Instruments Co., Ltd.). The highest jump was used for analysis and in the calculation of predicted P peak. Centile smoothed curves, percentiles, and tables for the 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 97th percentiles were calculated using Cole's LMS (L [curve Box-Cox], M [curve median], and S [curve coefficient of variation]) method. The 2-way analysis of variance tests showed that maximum jump height (in centimeters) and predicted P peak (in watts) were higher in boys than in girls (p less than 0.01). Post hoc analyses within sexes showed yearly increases in jump height and P peak in all ages. In boys, the maximum jump height and predicted P peak 50th percentile ranged from 24.0 to 38.0 cm and from 845.5 to 3061.6 W, respectively. In girls, the 50th percentile for jump height ranged from 22.3 to 27.0 cm, and the predicted P peak was 710.1-2036.4 W. For girls, jump height increased yearly from 9 to 17.9 years old. Our results provide, for the first time, sex- and age-specific vertical jump height and predicted P peak reference standards for Colombian schoolchildren aged 9-17.9 years. © 2017 National Strength and Conditioning Association.
Adolescent , Analysis of variance , Biomechanics , Calculation , Child , Cross-sectional study , Female , Girl , Height , Human , Jumping , Leg , Major clinical study , Male , Muscle , Post hoc analysis , School child , Standard , Colombia , Reference value , Sport , Statistics and numerical data , Student , Adolescent , Child , Colombia , Cross-sectional studies , Female , Humans , Male , Reference standards , Reference values , Sports , Students , Adolescent , Biomechanics , Jumping , Muscular power , Percentile , Strength