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dc.creatorGuerra Cújar, María Elvira 
dc.creatorPrem, Mounu 
dc.creatorRodriguez-Lesmes, Paul 
dc.creatorVargas, Juan F. 
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-19T00:40:28Z
dc.date.available2020-09-19T00:40:28Z
dc.date.created2020-09-18
dc.date.issued2020-09-18
dc.identifier.citationGuerra Cújar, María Elvira; Prem, Mounu; Rodriguez-Lesmes, Paul; Vargas, Juan F. (2020) The Peace Baby Boom: Evidence from Colombia's peace agreement with the FARC. Universidad del Rosario, Department of Economics, Documentos de trabajo economía. 47 pp.
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/30173
dc.descriptionSe sabe que los entornos violentos afectan las opciones de fertilidad del hogar, la demanda de servicios de salud y los resultados de salud de los recién nacidos. Utilizando datos administrativos con diferencias en diferencias, estudiamos cómo el fin del conflicto colombiano de 50 años con las FARC modificó tales decisiones y resultados en las áreas tradicionalmente afectadas del país. Los resultados indican que las reducciones generalizadas de la tasa de fecundidad total se desaceleraron para los municipios tradicionalmente afectados por el conflicto como consecuencia del alto el fuego permanente declarado por la insurgencia de las FARC. La tasa total de fecundidad registró un aumento relativo del 2,6% en las zonas anteriormente afectadas por el conflicto, en todos los grupos de edad. Sin embargo, no se encontró ningún impacto en la demanda de servicios de salud, las tasas de mortalidad neonatal e infantil o los resultados del nacimiento, como la incidencia de bajo peso al nacer o el porcentaje de nacimientos prematuros. Nuestra evidencia muestra que los municipios con víctimas de minas y población expulsada por desplazamiento forzado antes del alto el fuego tienen una tasa de fecundidad total significativamente más alta en los cuatro años posteriores al alto el fuego. Sostenemos que el mecanismo detrás de este resultado es el optimismo de criar a los niños en un mejor ambiente debido a la reducción de la victimización en las zonas que experimentan la violencia de las FARC.
dc.description.abstractViolent environments are known to affect household fertility choices, demand for health services and health outcomes of newborns. Using administrative data with a difference-in- differences, we study how the end of the 50 years old Colombian conflict with FARC modified such decisions and outcomes in traditionally affected areas of the country. Results indicate that generalised reductions in total fertility rate were slowed down for municipalities traditionally affected by conflict as a result of the permanent ceasefire declared by the FARC insurgency. Total fertility rate observed a relative increase of 2.6% in the formerly conflict-affected areas, in all age groups. However, no impact was found for demand of health care services, neonatal and infant mortality rates, or birth outcomes such as the incidence of low weight at birth or the percentage of preterm births. Our evidence shows that municipalities with mines victims and expelled population by forced displacement before the ceasefire have significantly higher total fertility rate in the four years following the ceasefire. We argue that the mechanism behind this result is the optimism to raise the children in a better environment due to the reduction in victimisation in areas that experience FARC violence.
dc.format.extent47
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.relation.urihttps://ideas.repec.org/p/col/000092/018430.html
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.subjectFertilidad
dc.subjectEmbarazo
dc.subjectMortalidad
dc.subjectConflicto armado en Colombia
dc.subjectViolencia
dc.subject.ddcProblemas sociales & bienestar social en general 
dc.titleThe Peace Baby Boom: Evidence from Colombia's peace agreement with the FARC
dc.typeworkingPaper
dc.subject.keywordFertility
dc.subject.keywordPregnancy
dc.subject.keywordMortality
dc.subject.keywordArmed conflict in Colombia
dc.subject.keywordViolence
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.spaDocumento de trabajo
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)
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dc.subject.jelI12
dc.subject.jelI15
dc.contributor.gruplacGrupo de Investigaciones. Facultad de Economía. Universidad del Rosario


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