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dc.creatorBautista, María Angélica 
dc.creatorGonzález, Felipe 
dc.creatorMartínez, Luis R. 
dc.creatorMuñoz, Pablo 
dc.creatorPrem, Mounu 
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-26T16:19:34Z
dc.date.available2020-10-26T16:19:34Z
dc.date.created2020-10-23
dc.date.issued2020-10-23
dc.identifier.citationBautista, María Angélica; González, Felipe; Martínez, Luis R.; Muñoz, Pablo; Prem, Mounu (2020) Does higher education reduce mortality? Evidence from a natural experiment in Chile. Universidad del Rosario, Department of Economics, Documentos de trabajo economía. 82 pp
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/30453
dc.descriptionAprovechando la fuerte caída en la matrícula universitaria que experimentaron las cohortes que alcanzaron la edad universitaria después del golpe militar de 1973 en Chile, se estudio el efecto causal de la educación superior sobre la mortalidad. Utilizando microdatos de las estadísticas vitales para 1994-2017, documentamos un aumento en la tasa de mortalidad anual ajustada por edad entre las cohortes afectadas. Aprovechando el problema de la matrícula universitaria, estimamos un efecto negativo de la universidad sobre la mortalidad, que es mayor para los hombres, pero también considerable para las mujeres. Los resultados intermedios del mercado laboral (por ejemplo, la participación en la fuerza laboral) explican el 30% de la reducción de la mortalidad. También está presente un giro ascendente similar en la mortalidad en múltiples horizontes de tiempo entre los pacientes hospitalizados en las cohortes afectadas, con características observables (es decir, diagnóstico, hospital, seguro) que explican más del 40%. Las respuestas de la encuesta revelan que la universidad mejora sustancialmente el acceso a la atención médica privada, pero tiene efectos mixtos sobre los comportamientos relacionados con la salud.
dc.description.abstractWe exploit the sharp downward kink in college enrollment experienced by cohorts reaching college age after the 1973 military coup in Chile to study the causal effect of higher education on mortality. Using micro-data from the vital statistics for 1994-2017, we document an upward kink in the age-adjusted yearly mortality rate among the affected cohorts. Leveraging the kink in college enrollment, we estimate a negative effect of college on mortality, which is larger for men, but also sizable for women. Intermediate labor market outcomes (e.g., labor force participation) explain 30% of the reduction in mortality. A similar upward kink in mortality over multiple time horizons is also present among hospitalized patients in the affected cohorts, with observable characteristics (i.e. diagnostic, hospital, insurance) explaining over 40%. Survey responses reveal that college substantially improves access to private health care, but has mixed effects on health behaviors.
dc.format.extent82
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.relation.urihttps://ideas.repec.org/p/col/000092/018486.html
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.subjectMortalidad
dc.subjectEducación superior
dc.subjectChile
dc.subjectRelación nivel educativo mortalidad
dc.subjectTasa de mortalidad de población universitaria en chile
dc.subject.ddcEducación superior 
dc.titleDoes higher education reduce mortality? Evidence from a natural experiment in Chile
dc.typeworkingPaper
dc.subject.keywordMortality
dc.subject.keywordHigher education
dc.subject.keywordChile
dc.subject.keywordMortality rate of the university population in Chile
dc.subject.keywordRelationship educational level mortality
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.spaDocumento de trabajo
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)
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dc.contributor.gruplacGrupo de Investigaciones. Facultad de Economía. Universidad del Rosario


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