Show simple item record

dc.creatorSaavedra, Santiago 
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-28T14:37:59Z
dc.date.available2020-10-28T14:37:59Z
dc.date.created2020-10-27
dc.date.issued2020-10-28
dc.identifier.citationSaavedra, Santiago (2020) Socio-economic and environmental effects of eco-tourism. Universidad del Rosario, Department of Economics, Documentos de trabajo economía. 33 pp
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/30489
dc.descriptionErradicar la pobreza y detener la deforestación son dos de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. El ecoturismo se considera una estrategia gana-gana que puede aumentar los ingresos y preservar los bosques. Sin embargo, no existen evaluaciones de impacto bien identificadas de ambas variables al mismo tiempo. Setenta y seis municipios de Colombia fueron asignados aleatoriamente a un grupo de control o a un grupo de tratamiento que recibió promoción de ecoturismo. Este estudio estima los efectos socioeconómicos y ambientales de nueve meses de tratamiento utilizando una especificación ANCOVA que controla por los valores de línea base. En los municipios tratados, encuentro un aumento del 30% en el número de turistas y del 16% en el número de trabajadores. Sin embargo, no hay efectos estadísticamente significativos sobre las ganancias de las empresas, la pobreza o los ingresos familiares. Al mismo tiempo, encuentro una reducción del 100% de las alertas de deforestación alrededor de los sitios de ecoturismo tratados. Estos resultados ilustran la importancia de las oportunidades económicas para las comunidades locales a fin de preservar los bosques.
dc.description.abstractEradicating poverty and halting deforestation are two of the Sustainable Development Goals. Eco-tourism is considered a win-win strategy that can increase income and preserve forests. However, there are no well-identified impact evaluations of both variables at the same time. Seventy-six municipalities in Colombia were randomly assigned to either a control group or a treatment group that received eco-tourism promotion. I estimate the socio-economic and environmental effects of nine months of treatment using an ANCOVA specification that controls for baseline individual outcomes. In treated municipalities, I find an increase of 30% in the number of tourists and 16% in the number of workers. However, there are no statistically significant effects on business profits, poverty, or household income. At the same time, I do find a reduction of 100% of deforestation alerts around treated eco-tourism sites. These results illustrate the importance of economic opportunities for local communities in order to preserve forests.
dc.format.extent33
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.relation.urihttps://ideas.repec.org/p/col/000092/018487.html
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.subjectEco-tourismo
dc.subjectPobreza
dc.subjectDeforestacion
dc.subjectDesarrollo sostenible en Colombia
dc.subject.ddcAdministración general 
dc.subject.ddcProblemas sociales & bienestar social en general 
dc.titleSocio-economic and environmental effects of eco-tourism
dc.typeworkingPaper
dc.subject.keywordEco-tourism
dc.subject.keywordPoverty
dc.subject.keywordDeforestation
dc.subject.keywordSustainable development in Colombia
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.spaDocumento de trabajo
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAlix-Garcia, J., McIntosh, C., Sims, K. R., & Welch, J. R. (2013). The ecological footprint of poverty alleviation: evidence from mexico’s oportunidades program. Review of Economics and Statistics, 95(2), 417–435
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAlp´ızar, F., & Ferraro, P. J. (2020). The environmental effects of poverty programs and the poverty effects of environmental programs: The missing rcts. World Development, 127, 104783
dc.source.bibliographicCitationBesley, T. J., Fetzer, T., & Mueller, H. F. (2019). Terror and tourism: The economic consequences of media coverage
dc.source.bibliographicCitationConvention on Biological Diversity. (2020). Colombia main details. Retrieved from http:// www.cbd.int/countries/profile/?country=co
dc.source.bibliographicCitationCoppock, A. (2014). 10 things to know about spillovers. Retrieved from https://egap.org/ resource/10-things-to-know-about-spillovers/
dc.source.bibliographicCitationFaber, B., & Gaubert, C. (2019). Tourism and economic development: evidence from mexico’s coastline. American Economic Review, 109(6), 2245–93
dc.source.bibliographicCitationFerraro, P. J., & Simorangkir, R. (2020). Conditional cash transfers to alleviate poverty also reduced deforestation in indonesia. Science Advances, 6(24), eaaz1298
dc.source.bibliographicCitationFood and Agricultural Organization. (2011). Ecotourism can play vital role in maintaining healthy forests. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/90192/ icode/
dc.source.bibliographicCitationGarsous, G., Corderi, D., Velasco, M., & Colombo, A. (2017). Tax incentives and job creation in the tourism sector of brazil’s sudene area. World development, 96, 87– 101
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHansen, M. C., Krylov, A., Tyukavina, A., Potapov, P. V., Turubanova, S., Zutta, B., . . . Moore, R. (2016). Humid tropical forest disturbance alerts using landsat data. Environmental Research Letters, 11(3), 034008
dc.source.bibliographicCitationJayachandran, S., De Laat, J., Lambin, E. F., Stanton, C. Y., Audy, R., & Thomas, N. E. (2017). Cash for carbon: A randomized trial of payments for ecosystem services to reduce deforestation. Science, 357(6348), 267–273
dc.source.bibliographicCitationList, J. A., Shaikh, A. M., & Xu, Y. (2019). Multiple hypothesis testing in experimental economics. Experimental Economics, 22(4), 773–793
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMcGregor, T., & Wills, S. (2017). Surfing a wave of economic growth.
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMcKenzie, D. (2012). Beyond baseline and follow-up: The case for more t in experiments. Journal of development Economics, 99(2), 210–221
dc.source.bibliographicCitationNeumayer, E. (2004). The impact of political violence on tourism: Dynamic cross-national estimation. Journal of conflict resolution, 48(2), 259–281
dc.source.bibliographicCitationPortafolio. (2018). El turismo es el nuevo petroleo de colombia. Retrieved from https://www.portafolio.co/economia/gobierno/el-turismo-es-el-nuevo -petroleo-de-colombia-522265
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSimonet, G., Subervie, J., Ezzine-de Blas, D., Cromberg, M., & Duchelle, A. E. (2019). Effectiveness of a redd+ project in reducing deforestation in the brazilian amazon. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 101(1), 211–229
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSims, K. R. (2010). Conservation and development: Evidence from thai protected areas. Journal of environmental economics and management, 60(2), 94–114
dc.source.bibliographicCitationUnited Nations. (2015). Sustainable development goals. Retrieved from https://www.un .org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/
dc.subject.jelQ56
dc.subject.jelZ32
dc.contributor.gruplacGrupo de Investigaciones. Facultad de Economía. Universidad del Rosario


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record