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dc.contributor.advisorSalazar, Camilo 
dc.contributor.advisorRueda, Nicol 
dc.creatorSánchez Melo, Catalina Sofía 
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-01T21:16:34Z
dc.date.available2021-10-01T21:16:34Z
dc.date.created2021-09-01
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/32646
dc.descriptionLa diversificación adaptativa de las plantas y sus insectos herbívoros podría estar influenciada por procesos de coevolución. La relación biótica entre las mariposas Heliconius y sus plantas hospederas Passiflora ha sido estudiada desde sus aspectos morfológicos, fisiológicos y de comportamiento. Sin embargo, no se ha estudiado si el grado de correlación geográfica entre sus distribuciones y riqueza es informativo respecto a su coevolución. Para esto, se modeló la riqueza y distribución de 165 especies de Passiflora y 34 de Heliconius en Colombia usando cuatro algoritmos diferentes. En ambos análisis se identificó la variable ambiental que mejor explica los patrones observados. Se comparó el patrón de distribución entre una especie monófoga H.eleuchia y sus plantas huésped y una olífaga H.cydno con sus 28 plantas huésped. El grado de solapamiento de Passiflora y Heliconius es bajo y está explicado por variables ambientales distintas –isotermalidad y estacionalidad de la precipitación, respectivamente–. Sin embargo, la variable más importante para la distribución de ambos grupos es el rango de temperatura anual. La distribución de H.eleuchia tiene una correlación más alta con sus plantas hospederas que la distribución de H.cydno, lo que es consistente con la monofagia y oligofagia de sus larvas, respectivamente. Otros factores ecológicos como la toxicidad merecen mayor atención como posibles factores que conllevan a coevolución. A escala geográfica se puede concluir que es probable que el patrón de diversificación de ambos géneros sea distinto ya que no comparten centros de riqueza y, por ende, no se trate de coevolución estricta.
dc.description.abstractThe adaptive diversification of plants and their herbivorous insects could be influenced by coevolutionary processes. The biotic relationship between Heliconius butterflies and their host plants Passiflora has been studied from its morphological, physiological, and behavioural aspects. However, whether the degree of geographic correlation between their distributions and richness is informative regarding their coevolution has not been documented. To do this, I modelled the richness and distribution of 165 Passiflora and 34 Heliconius species in Colombia using four different algorithms. In both analyses, the environmental variable that best explains the observed patterns was identified. I compared the distribution pattern between a monophagous species H.eleuchia and its host plants and the oligophagous H.cydno with its 28 host plants. I found that the degree of overlap of Passiflora and Heliconius is low, and its richness is explained by different environmental variables –isothermality on the former and seasonality of precipitation on the latter–. Nevertheless, the most important variable for the distribution of both groups is the annual temperature range. The distribution of H.eleuchia has a higher correlation with its host plants than the distribution of H.cydno, which is consistent with the monophagy and oligophagy of its larvae, respectively. Other ecological factors such as toxicity deserve more attention as potential drivers of coevolution. On a geographical scale, it can be concluded that the pattern of diversification of both genera is likely to be different. Furthermore, since they do not share species richness hotspots, my results are not compatible with a strict coevolution scenario.
dc.description.sponsorshipFondo para la financiación de trabajos de grado – Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad del Rosario
dc.format.extent33
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.subjectHeliconius
dc.subjectPassiflora
dc.subjectRiqueza de especies
dc.subjectCoevolución
dc.subjectAnálisis espacial
dc.subjectModelos de distribución de especies (SDMs)
dc.subject.ddcInvertebrados 
dc.titleCoevolución entre Heliconius y Passiflora: una búsqueda de evidencia desde su distribución geográfica y riqueza de especies
dc.typebachelorThesis
dc.publisherUniversidad del Rosario
dc.creator.degreeBiólogo
dc.publisher.programBiología
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de Ciencias Naturales
dc.subject.keywordHeliconius
dc.subject.keywordPassiflora
dc.subject.keywordSpecies richness
dc.subject.keywordCoevolution
dc.subject.keywordSpatial analysis
dc.subject.keywordSpecies distribution models (SDMs)
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.type.spaTrabajo de grado
dc.rights.accesoRestringido (Temporalmente bloqueado)
dc.date.embargoEndinfo:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2023-10-03
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
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dc.contributor.gruplacGenética Evolutiva, Filogeografía y Ecología de Biodiversidad Neotropical
dc.type.documentTrabajo de grado
dc.creator.degreetypeFull time
dc.title.TranslatedTitleCoevolution between Heliconius and Passiflora: a search for evidence from their geographic distribution and species richness
dc.source.instnameUniversidad del Rosario
dc.source.reponameRepositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.creator.degreeLevelPregrado


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