"Dynamic cloud regimes, incident sunlight, and leaf temperatures in espeletia grandiflora and Chusquea tessellata, two representative species of the Andean Páramo, Colombia"
"The alpine páramo of Chingaza National Park, Colombia, has a highly variable cloud regime typical of many tropical alpine areas. Yet, little information is available regarding the effects of such dynamic sunlight regimes on alpine temperatures. A close association between changes in incident sunlight and corresponding air (Ta) and leaf (Tl) temperatures occurred in two dominant species with strongly contrasting leaf form and whole-plant architecture. Spikes in sunlight incidence of and gt;3000 ?mol m-2 s-1 occurred during cloud cover and corresponded to increases in Tl of 4-5 °C in a 1-min-interval in both species. Although Tl was predominately above Ta, during the day, depressions below Ta of over 6 °C occurred during cloudy conditions when photosynthetic photon flux density (PFDs) was and lt;400 ?mol m-2 s-1. The greatest frequency (69%) of changes in incident sunlight (PFDs; over 2-min intervals) was less than 100 ?mol m-2 s-1, although changes and gt;1000 ?mol m-2 s-1 occurred for 2.4% of the day, including a maximum change of 1512 ?mol m-2 s-1. These data may be valuable for predicting the ecophysiological impact of climate warming and associated changes in future cloud regimes experienced by tropical alpine species."
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