Now showing items 1-20 of 30

    • A Bonanza for Bad Politicians: Informal Gold Mining and Criminal Candidates in Peru 

      Bandiera, Antonella
      How do natural resource windfalls affect the quality of politicalcandidates? Existing scholarship argues that non-tax public revenuehas a negative effect on the characteristics of candidates because ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Bank Account Ownership by Micro-entrepreneurs in Mexico 

      Rodríguez Zamora, Carolina
      This paper evaluates the impact of a VAT rate increase on bank account ownershipby Mexican micro-entrepreneurs considering informality as the main channel of this effect. Using two rounds of a ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Constrained occupational choice 

      Margolis, David
      This paper uses a reduced-form implementation of a structural model of constrained oc-cupational choice to explain the probability that an individual receives a wage offer, animportant determinant ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Differences in efficiency between formal and informal micro-firms in Mexico 

      Báez-Morales, Antonio
      Micro firmscan be seen as potential growth drivers, as they are usually related to entrepreneurship, a relatively high share of micro firms can also be a sign of an underdeveloped productive ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Effects of pension benefits on pre-retirement labor supply: Evidence from Chile 

      Becerra, Oscar
      This paper describes the effects of pension benefits on pre-retirement labor supplyfor a representative sample of Chilean workers. Using non-linearities in benefits and areform that changed ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Exploring the role of health in Early Retirement by occupational status: looking for the causes of the greying of the self-employed sector 

      Arévalo, Paola P.; Concepción, Román; Congregado, Emilio
      This paper investigates the relationship between early retirement and health by using a discrete duration model in order to check if some differences across employment status emerge. Using the ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Financial disincentives for formal work in Ecuador and Colombia 

      Rodríguez, David; Jara, Xavier
      High and persistent labour informality has been a major problem for Latin American economies where most workers are excluded from social protectionandhave low and variable incomes.In the case ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Formal Employment is a Consequence of Skill Diversity in Cities 

      Chaparro, Juan Camilo; O'Clery, Neave
      Why do cities with larger populations in developing countries create relatively more formal employment? We build a model where skill diversity increases with working age population size, and ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Heterogenous e ects of informality: An application to labor regulation policy in Russia 

      Otero, Andrea
      The paper estimates the heterogeneous returns of informality in Russia. The em-pirical strategy uses a Marginal Treatment Effect model (MTE). The data comes fromthe Russian Longitudinal Monitoring ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • How vulnerable are the self-employed? Evidence from Uganda 

      Lakemann, Tabea
      Due to small firm sizes and inter-linkages between household and business finances, small-scale entrepreneurs in developing countries are inherently vulnerable to temporary and per-manent income ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Illuminating the shadows in U.S. States 

      Dincer, Oguzhan (Oz); Adhikari, Bibek
      What forces the businesses to hidein the shadows? There are two competing theories trying to explainthis behavior, one identifying high tax burdenand the other corruptionas the main force.As ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Informal sector employment and poverty in South Africa 

      Cichello, Paul; Rogan, Michael
      We examine the role that informal sector employment plays in poverty reduction using data from the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS). Using a Shapley decomposition approach, wefind that ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Informal taxation in Sierra Leone : Magnitudes, perceptions and implications 

      Van den Boogaard, Vanessa
      In low-income countries, citizens often pay ‘taxes’ that differ substantially from what is required by statute. These non-statutory taxes are central to financing both local public goods and ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Informality and segmentation : evidence from a self-selection model with entry barriers to formal employment in Peru 

      Alvarado Enciso, Alfredo M.
      The academic debate about informality has discussed whether this implies a segmented labor market, a competitive one or a mixed of both. Recent research has employed various empirical models ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Labor flows in Venezuela 1997-2013 

      Fernández Bujanda, León; Montilla, Mayra
      This paper measures worker gross flows and instantaneous transition probabilities in Venezuela from 1998 to 2013. We assemble a panel dataset, which is the source of our flow calculations. We ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Labor Market Search, Informality, and On-The-Job Human Capital Accumulation 

      Bobba, Matteo; Flabbi, Luca; Levy, Santiago; Tejada, Mauricio
      We develop a search and matching model where firms and workers produce outputthat depends both on match-specific productivity and on worker-specific human capi-tal. The human capital is accumulated while working but ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Minimum Wage, Informality and Economic Development 

      Kim, Jin Ho
      n this paper we study the impact of minimum wage increase on the employmentstatus. Toward that goal, we rst empirically show that informal sector economy shows hetero-geneity though, on average, ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • NAIRU and Informality in the Mexican Labor Market 

      Alcaraz, Carlo; Aguilar, Ana María; Carlo Alcaraz, Claudia Ramírez; Rodríguez-Pérez, Cid
      The Non-Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) is an essential indicator for the reading of the economic cycle. However, estimation of this rateis complexsince it is not directly ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Optimal Monetary policy with Informality: A Benchmark Framework 

      Gómez, Mónica A.; Hairault, Jean-Olivier
      Our paper aims at unveiling how much the monetary policy shall deviate from the zero-inflation allocation in an economy with a large informal sector. A first insight is thatinformality amplifies ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018
    • Optimal Redistribution with a Shadow Economy 

      Doligalski, Pawel; Rojas, Luis E.
      We extend the theory of the optimal redistributive taxation to economies with an informal labor market. The optimal tax formula contains two new terms capturing reported income responses of informal workers on an intensive ...
       Documento de conferencia. 2018