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dc.contributor.advisorGarcés Sterling, Sandra Patricia 
dc.contributor.advisorMorón Duarte, Lina Sofía 
dc.creatorUreña Guerrero, Maira Alejandra 
dc.creatorVargas Lara, Diana
dc.descriptionLa trombosis relacionada al uso del catéter es un problema que cobra cada vez mayor importancia. Se han descrito factores de riesgo para su presentación en la población pediátrica pero aún no se han realizado estudios en nuestro medio. Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo y la prevalencia de la trombosis asociada a catéter venoso central en los pacientes pediátricos de la Fundación Cardioinfantil hospitalizados durante el periodo comprendido entre Julio 2013 a Julio 2015. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal de asociación. Se incluyeron pacientes clasificados en 4 grupos: trombosis y catéter, trombosis sin catéter, catéter sin trombosis y sin trombosis ni catéter. Se estimaron OR como medidas de asociación utilizando el estadístico mantel haenszel. Resultados: En total se incluyeron 221 pacientes. La prevalencia de la trombosis y uso del catéter fue del 22%. La edad inferior a los 36 meses (OR 2,27 IC95% 1,16-4,44,p<0.001), profilaxis antitrombótica (OR 34,4 IC95% 4,18-282,92, p<0.01), hospitalización en la UCI (OR 3,82, IC95% 1,69-8,65, p<0.001) y el tiempo de hospitalización (OR 16,83 IC95% 7,8-36,27, p<0.001) están asociadas con un mayor riesgo de presentación de la trombosis. Conclusión: La edad, hospitalización en UCI, uso de profilaxis antitrombótica y el tiempo de hospitalización son factores de riesgo que estan relacionados con la presentación de la trombosis en pacientes con cateter.
dc.description.abstractThrombosis related to catheter use is a problem that is becoming increasingly important. The risk factors for presentation in the pediatric population has been described but no studies have been conducted in our country. Objective: To determine the risk factors and prevalence of thrombosis associated with central venous catheters in pediatric patients hospitalized Cardioinfantil Foundation for the period from July 2013 to July 2015. Methodology: An association cross-sectional study was conducted. Thrombosis and catheter thrombosis without catheter without catheter thrombosis without thrombosis and catheter: patients classified into 4 groups were included. OR they were estimated as measures of association using the statistical mantel-haenszel. Results: In total 221 patients were included. The prevalence of thrombosis and catheter use was 22%. Age less than 36 months (OR 2.27 95% CI 1.16 to 4.44, p <0.001) antithrombotic prophylaxis (OR 34.4 95% CI 4.18 to 282.92, P <0.01), hospitalization ICU (OR 3.82, 95% CI 1.69 to 8.65, p <0.001) and hospitalization time (95% CI 7.8 to 36.27 OR 16.83, p <0.001) are associated with presenting a higher risk of thrombosis. Conclusion: Age, ICU hospitalization, use of antithrombotic prophylaxis and hospitalization time are risk factors that are related to the presentation of thrombosis in patients with catheter.
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.subjectCatéter venoso central
dc.subject.ddcGinecología & otras especialidades médicas 
dc.titleTrombosis asociada a cateter venoso central en pediatría de la Fundación Cardioinfantil julio 2013 a julio 2015
dc.publisherUniversidad del Rosario
dc.creator.degreeEspecialista en Pediatría
dc.publisher.programEspecialización en Pediatría
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de medicina
dc.subject.keywordCentral venous catheter
dc.subject.decsEnfermedades de las arterias
dc.type.spaTrabajo de grado
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto completo)
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dc.rights.ccAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia
dc.rights.licenciaEL AUTOR, manifiesta que la obra objeto de la presente autorización es original y la realizó sin violar o usurpar derechos de autor de terceros, por lo tanto la obra es de exclusiva autoría y tiene la titularidad sobre la misma. PARGRAFO: En caso de presentarse cualquier reclamación o acción por parte de un tercero en cuanto a los derechos de autor sobre la obra en cuestión, EL AUTOR, asumirá toda la responsabilidad, y saldrá en defensa de los derechos aquí autorizados; para todos los efectos la universidad actúa como un tercero de buena fe. EL AUTOR, autoriza a LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, para que en los términos establecidos en la Ley 23 de 1982, Ley 44 de 1993, Decisión andina 351 de 1993, Decreto 460 de 1995 y demás normas generales sobre la materia, utilice y use la obra objeto de la presente autorización. -------------------------------------- POLITICA DE TRATAMIENTO DE DATOS PERSONALES. Declaro que autorizo previa y de forma informada el tratamiento de mis datos personales por parte de LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO para fines académicos y en aplicación de convenios con terceros o servicios conexos con actividades propias de la academia, con estricto cumplimiento de los principios de ley. Para el correcto ejercicio de mi derecho de habeas data cuento con la cuenta de correo, donde previa identificación podré solicitar la consulta, corrección y supresión de mis datos.

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