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dc.contributor.advisorBriceno-Ayala, Leonardo 
dc.creatorSánchez Liévano, Claudia Viviana 
dc.creatorRojas Paez, Carol Viyalile 
dc.creatorCalle Cardozo, Juan 
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-07T19:02:01Z
dc.date.available2016-03-07T19:02:01Z
dc.date.created2015-12-09
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.urihttp://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/11799
dc.descriptionIntroducción: Todos los trabajadores del área de la salud están en riesgo de padecer un accidente biológico. No obstante los estudiantes de estas aéreas, pueden presentar más riesgo porque apenas están en formación y no tienen la práctica o experiencia suficiente. Existen varios artículos que han estudiado la incidencia y prevalencia de accidentes biológicos en los trabajadores del área de la salud, Sin embargo, sobre esta problemática de la población estudiantil del área de la salud, se encuentra menos literatura. Por lo tanto con esta revisión sistemática se busca analizar y actualizar este tema. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura científica de artículos publicados en los últimos 14 años, en relación con la prevalencia de accidentes biológicos en estudiantes de medicina, odontología, enfermería y residentes del área de la salud a nivel mundial. Se llevó a cabo la búsqueda en la base de datos de Pubmed, encontrando un total de 100 artículos, escritos en inglés, francés, español o portugués. Resultados: Las prevalencias encontradas sobre accidentes biológicos en estudiantes fueron las siguientes: en países europeos a nivel de enfermería los valores oscilan entre 10.2 % a 32%, en medicina fueron del 16%-58.8%, y en odontología del 21 %. En países asiáticos, se encontró que en enfermería el porcentaje varía de 49%-96 %, en medicina van del 35% -68%, y en odontología varia de 68.a 75.4%. En Norte América, en medicina las cifras fluctúan alrededor del 11-72.7 % y en odontología giran alrededor del 19.1%. Finalmente respecto a Suramérica la prevalencia fue de 31.2 a 46.7% en medicina, y del 40% en enfermería. Conclusiones: Por lo anterior se pudo concluir que, la prevalencia de accidentes biológicos en los estudiantes del área de la salud es elevada y varía según el continente en el que se encuentren.
dc.description.abstractBackground: All workers in the health area are at risk of a biological accident. However students in these areas may have more risk, because they are only in training and had not enough practice or experience. Several articles have studied the incidence and prevalence of biological accidents among workers in the health area, however there is less literature about this issue among the student population. Therefore this review seeks to update and analyze this matter. Methods: A review of the scientific literature about prevalence of biological accidents in students of medicine, dentistry and nursing has been made. The search was made in PubMed database, finding a total of 100 articles published in the last 14 years, written in English, French, Spanish or Portuguese. Results: in European countries the prevalence found in nursing ranges from 10.2.% to 32%, in medicine vary from 16% to 58.8% and in dentistry the prevalence was 21.%. In Asian countries, the percentage in nursing varies from 49% -96%, in medicine from 35% -68%, and in dentistry varies from 68. to 75.4%. In North America, medical prevalence fluctuates between 11 to 42% and in dentistry was around 19.1%. Finally regarding South America, the percentage varies from 31. to 46.7% in medicine, and 40% in nursing. Conclusions: We concluded that the prevalence of biological accidents in healthcare students is high all around the world .However according the healthcare career (students of medicine, nursing or dentistry) the prevalence may vary.
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad Del Rosario
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/co/
dc.sourceinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.sourcereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.subjectaccidente biológico
dc.subjectestudiantes del área de la salud
dc.subjectprevalencia
dc.subjectbioseguridad
dc.subjectlesiones por aguja.
dc.subject.ddcPromoción de salud 
dc.subject.lembSalud ocupacional
dc.subject.lembBioseguridad
dc.titleRiesgo de accidentes biológicos en estudiantes de la salud: revisión de la literatura en los últimos 14 años.
dc.typemasterThesis
dc.publisherUniversidad del Rosario
dc.creator.degreeEspecialista en Salud Ocupacional
dc.publisher.programEspecialización en Salud Ocupacional
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de Medicina
dc.subject.keywordbiological risk
dc.subject.keywordoccupational exposure
dc.subject.keywordprevalence
dc.subject.keywordStudents
dc.subject.keywordHealth Occupations
dc.subject.keywordneedle stick Injuries
dc.subject.keywordpost-Exposure Prophylaxis
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject.decsSalud laboral
dc.subject.decsRiesgos laborales
dc.subject.decsRiesgos biológicos
dc.type.spaTrabajo de grado
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto completo)
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
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dc.rights.ccAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 2.5 Colombia
dc.rights.licenciaEL AUTOR, manifiesta que la obra objeto de la presente autorización es original y la realizó sin violar o usurpar derechos de autor de terceros, por lo tanto la obra es de exclusiva autoría y tiene la titularidad sobre la misma. PARGRAFO: En caso de presentarse cualquier reclamación o acción por parte de un tercero en cuanto a los derechos de autor sobre la obra en cuestión, EL AUTOR, asumirá toda la responsabilidad, y saldrá en defensa de los derechos aquí autorizados; para todos los efectos la universidad actúa como un tercero de buena fe. EL AUTOR, autoriza a LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, para que en los términos establecidos en la Ley 23 de 1982, Ley 44 de 1993, Decisión andina 351 de 1993, Decreto 460 de 1995 y demás normas generales sobre la materia, utilice y use la obra objeto de la presente autorización. -------------------------------------- POLITICA DE TRATAMIENTO DE DATOS PERSONALES. Declaro que autorizo previa y de forma informada el tratamiento de mis datos personales por parte de LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO para fines académicos y en aplicación de convenios con terceros o servicios conexos con actividades propias de la academia, con estricto cumplimiento de los principios de ley. Para el correcto ejercicio de mi derecho de habeas data cuento con la cuenta de correo habeasdata@urosario.edu.co, donde previa identificación podré solicitar la consulta, corrección y supresión de mis datos.


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