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dc.creatorBautista, María Angélica 
dc.creatorGonzález, Felipe 
dc.creatorMartínez, Luis R. 
dc.creatorMuñoz, Pablo 
dc.creatorPrem, Mounu 
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-13T19:03:19Z
dc.date.available2020-05-13T19:03:19Z
dc.date.created2020-05-11
dc.date.issued2020-05-13
dc.identifier.citationBautista, María Angélica; González, Felipe; Martínez, Luis R.; Muñoz, Pablo; Prem, Mounu (2020) Chile’s Missing Students: Dictatorship, Higher Education and Social Mobility. Universidad del Rosario, Department of Economics, Documentos de trabajo economía. 90 pp.
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/22008
dc.descriptionLas políticas hostiles hacia la educación superior son una característica destacada de los regímenes autoritarios. Estudiamos la captura de la educación superior por la dictadura militar de Augusto Pinochet en Chile después del golpe de 1973. Encontramos tres resultados principales: (i) las cohortes que alcanzaron la edad universitaria poco después del golpe experimentaron una gran caída en la matrícula universitaria como resultado de la reducción sistemática en el número de vacantes para estudiantes entrantes decretada por el régimen; (ii) estas cohortes tuvieron peores resultados económicos a lo largo del ciclo de vida y lucharon por ascender en la escala socioeconómica, especialmente las mujeres; (iii) los niños con padres en las cohortes afectadas también tienen una probabilidad sustancialmente menor de matricularse en la universidad. Estos resultados demuestran que la captura política de la educación superior en las no democracias dificulta la movilidad social y conduce a una reducción persistente en la acumulación de capital humano, incluso después de la democratización.
dc.description.abstractHostile policies towards higher education are a prominent feature of authoritarian regimes. We study the capture of higher education by the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile following the 1973 coup. We find three main results: (i) cohorts that reached college age shortly after the coup experienced a large drop in college enrollment as a result of the systematic reduction in the number of openings for incoming students decreed by the regime; (ii) these cohorts had worse economic outcomes throughout the life cycle and struggled to climb up the socioeconomic ladder, especially women; (iii) children with parents in the affected cohorts also have a substantially lower probability of college enrollment. These results demonstrate that the political capture of higher education in non-democracies hinders social mobility and leads to a persistent reduction in human capital accumulation, even after democratization.
dc.format.extent90
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isospa
dc.relation.urihttps://ideas.repec.org/p/col/000092/018163.html
dc.subjectDictadura
dc.subjectEducación superior
dc.subjectMobilidad social
dc.subjectTransmisión intergeneracional
dc.subject.ddcRelaciones del Estado con grupos organizados 
dc.subject.ddcProblemas sociales & bienestar social en general 
dc.titleChile’s Missing Students: Dictatorship, Higher Education and Social Mobility
dc.typeworkingPaper
dc.subject.keywordDictatorship
dc.subject.keywordHigher education
dc.subject.keywordSocial mobility
dc.subject.keywordIntergenerational transmission
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.type.spaDocumento de trabajo
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)
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dc.subject.jelI23
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dc.contributor.gruplacGrupo de Investigaciones. Facultad de Economía. Universidad del Rosario
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.48713/10336_22008
dc.relation.citationTitleSerie Documentos de trabajo. Economía
dc.source.instnameinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.source.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR


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