Acceso Abierto

Molecular and descriptive epidemiology of intestinal protozoan parasites of children and their pets in Cauca, Colombia: A cross-sectional study

Título de la revista
Villamizar, Ximena
Higuera, Adriana
Herrera, Giovanny
Vasquez-A, Luis Reinel
Buitron, Lorena
Muñoz, Lina Maria
Gonzalez-C, Fabiola E.
Lopez, Myriam Consuelo
Giraldo, Julio Cesar
Ramírez, Juan David



ISSN de la revista
Título del volumen
BioMed Central Ltd.

Buscar en:

Métricas alternativas

Background: Parasitic infections, particularly those caused by protozoa, represent a considerable public health problem in developing countries. Blastocystis, Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp. and the Entamoeba complex (Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar and Entamoeba moshkovskii) are the most common etiological causes of intestinal parasitic infections. Methods: We carried out a descriptive cross-sectional study in school-age children attending a daycare institution in commune eight of Popayán, Cauca (Southwest Colombia). A total of 266 fecal samples were collected (258 from children and eight from pets). Blastocystis, G. duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp. and the Entamoeba complex were identified by microscopy, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and conventional PCR. The concordance of qPCR and microscopy was assessed using the Kappa index. Molecular characterization was conducted to identify Blastocystis subtypes (18S), G. duodenalis assemblages (tpi and gdh) and Cryptosporidium species/subtypes (18S and GP60). Potential associations between intestinal parasitism and sociodemographic factors were examined using bivariate analyses. Results: A total of 258 fecal samples from children were analyzed by microscopy and 255 samples were analyzed by qPCR. The prevalence of Blastocystis was between 25.19% (microscopy) and 39.22% (qPCR), that of G. duodenalis was between 8.14% (microscopy) and 10.59% (qPCR), that of Cryptosporidium spp. was estimated at 9.8% (qPCR), and that of the Entamoeba complex was between 0.39% (conventional PCR) and 0.78% (microscopy). The concordance between microscopy and qPCR was very low. Blastocystis ST1 (alleles 4, 8, and 80), ST2 (alleles 11, 12, and 15), ST3 (alleles 31, 34, 36, 38,57, and 151), and ST4 (alleles 42 and 91), G. duodenalis assemblages AII, BIII, BIV and D, C. parvum subtype IIa and C. hominis subtype IbA9G3R2 were identified. The only identified member of the Entamoeba complex corresponded to E. histolytica. No statistically significant association was identified between parasitic infection and any sociodemographic variable. Conclusion: This study revealed the usefulness of molecular methods to depict the transmission dynamics of parasitic protozoa in southwest Colombia. The presence of some of these protozoa in domestic animals may be involved in their transmission. © 2019 The Author(s).
Palabras clave
Allele , parasitic , Blastocystis , Child , Chilomastix , Colombia , Controlled study , Cross-sectional study , Cryptococcus neoformans , Cryptosporidium parvum , Demography , Diagnostic test accuracy study , Diagnostic value , Dog , Domestic animal , Endolimax nana , Entamoeba histolytica , Escherichia coli , Feces analysis , Female , Giardia intestinalis , Human , Intermethod comparison , Intestine infection , Intestine parasite , Major clinical study , Male , Microscopy , Molecular epidemiology , Nonhuman , Parasite identification , Parasite prevalence , Parasite transmission , Parasitism , Parasitosis , Polymerase chain reaction , Protozoon , Real time polymerase chain reaction , Amebiasis , Animal , Blastocystosis , Comparative study , Cryptosporidiosis , Dog , Feces , Giardiasis , Intestine infection , Molecular epidemiology , Parasitology , Pet animal , Preschool child , Prevalence , Procedures , Socioeconomics , Veterinary medicine , Animals , Blastocystis infections , Child , Colombia , Cross-sectional studies , Cryptosporidiosis , Dogs , Entamoebiasis , Feces , Female , Giardiasis , Humans , Intestinal diseases , Male , Microscopy , Molecular epidemiology , Pets , Prevalence , Real-time polymerase chain reaction , Socioeconomic factors , Blastocystis , Cryptosporidium , Entamoeba histolytica/dispar/moshkovskii complex , Giardia duodenalis , Zoonotic disease
Buscar en: