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Factors associated with suicide attempts and persistent suicidal ideation at a Primary Care Unit in Bogotá, 2004-2006

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Perez-Olmos, Isabel
Ibáñez Pinilla, Milcíades
Reyes-Figueroa, Julio C
Atuesta-Fajardo, Juana Y
Suárez-Díaz, Mónica J



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Universidad Nacional de Colombia

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Objective: Characterising patients attempting suicide who were evaluated by psychiatry at the Primary Care Unit (PCU) 'La Estrella' from October/2004 to October/2005 and determining persistent suicidal ideation and associated factors. Methods: An initial description of attempted suicide patients (n=156). A subsequent case control study (n=77) determined persistent suicidal ideation cases (n=27). A multivariate model was used for determining the remaining factors associated with persistent suicide ideation. Results: Cases increased from 6 in October/2004 to 10 in October/2005, average 12 ± 3,6 cases monthly. 80 % were aged 30 or younger, 66,7 % were female, 24,4 % were students and 20,5 % were unemployed. 35,2 % suffered family dysfunction and 35.2% had conflicts between couples as precipitant factors. 49 % had consumed alcohol prior to the suicide attempt. Persistent suicidal ideation was associated with being 31 years old or older, being unemployed and having a higher number of previous suicide attempts, unresolved conflicts and family dysfunction. Logistical regression revealed unresolved conflicts (OR=106.7; 6,8; 1 668,4 95 % CI) and family dysfunction (OR=11.05; 1,7; 71,2 95 % CI) as predictor variables for persistent suicidal ideation. Conclusion Unresolved conflicts and family dysfunction were found to be predictor factors for persistent suicidal ideation in subjects who had attempted suicide. Consuming alcohol and other associated factors should be controlled by mental health prevention and promotion programmes.
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Colombia , Conflict , Family relationships , Risk factors , Suicide attempted
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