Optimal adherence to a mediterranean diet and high muscular fitness are associated with a healthier cardiometabolic profile in collegiate students
Correa-Bautista, Jorge Enrique
Ojeda-Pardo, Mónica Liliana
Carrillo, Hugo Alejandro
Prieto Benavides, Daniel Humberto
Agostinis-Sobrinho, César A.
The aim of the study was to investigate the combined association of adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and muscular fitness (MF) with cardiometabolic health in collegiate students. The present cross-sectional analysis consisted of 1248 (714 females) healthy collegiate students (20.1 ± 2.7 years old). Adherence to a MedDiet was assessed by a KIDMED (Mediterranean Diet Quality Index) questionnaire. Standing broad jump, standing vertical jump, and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used as indicators of MF. The cardiometabolic profile was assessed using the following components: triglycerides, blood pressure, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, glucose, and waist circumference. Analysis of covariance shows a significant difference in the cardiometabolic profile of both genders between the high MF/low MedDiet and high MF/optimal MedDiet groups, and the low MF/low MedDiet and low MF/optimal MedDiet groups (p < 0.001). No difference was found on cardiometabolic profile between high MF/optimal MedDiet and high MF/low MedDiet, both in males and females. Additionally, logistic regression shows that both female (odds ratio (OR) = 2.01; 95% confidence interval (CI): (1.8–3.7); p = 0.02) and male (OR = 3.38; 95% CI: (1.9–5.8); p < 0.001) participants in the optimal MedDiet/high MF group had the highest odds of expressing a healthier cardiometabolic profile as compared to those in the low MF/low MedDiet group. In conclusion, a combination of high MF levels and optimal adherence to a MedDiet is associated with a healthier cardiometabolic profile; however, high MF levels seem to circumvent the deleterious effects of having a low adherence to a MedDiet. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Cholesterol ; Glucose ; High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol ; Triacylglycerol ; Biological Marker ; High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol ; Triacylglycerol ; Anthropometry ; Body Mass ; Cardiovascular Performance ; Cardiovascular Risk ; College Student ; Cross-Sectional Study ; Dietary Compliance ; Human ; Kinanthropometry ; Major Clinical Study ; Male ; Mean Arterial Pressure ; Mediterranean Diet ; Muscle Strength ; Muscular Fitness ; Musculoskeletal System Parameters ; Physical Activity ; Social Status ; Waist Circumference ; Adolescent ; Analysis ; Blood ; Blood Pressure ; Chi Square Distribution ; Colombia ; Diet ; Feeding Behavior ; Fitness ; Glucose Blood Level ; Healthy Diet ; Metabolic Syndrome X ; Muscle Contraction ; Muscle Strength ; Nutritional Status ; Nutritional Value ; Pathophysiology ; Physiology ; Protection ; Risk Factor ; Skeletal Muscle ; Statistical Model ; Student ; Young Adult ; Adolescent ; Biomarkers ; Blood Glucose ; Blood Pressure ; Chi-Square Distribution ; Cholesterol, Hdl ; Colombia ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Diet Surveys ; Diet, Mediterranean ; Feeding Behavior ; Healthy Diet ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome ; Muscle Contraction ; Muscle Strength ; Muscle, Skeletal ; Nutritional Status ; Nutritive Value ; Physical Fitness ; Protective Factors ; Students ; Triglycerides ; Waist Circumference ; Young Adult ; Colesterol ; Glucosa ; Colesterol HDL ; Triacilglicerol ;
- Artículos 
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Castillo-M. J.A.; Trillos Ch M.C."This research was carried out between 2010 and 2017; the objective was to develop the Intervention Protocol for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders, the research followed three phases as follows: the first one ...Documento de conferencia. 2019
Muscle mass to visceral fat ratio is an important predictor of the metabolic syndrome in college students Ramírez-Vélez R.; Garcia-Hermoso A.; Prieto-Benavides D.H.; Correa-Bautista J.E.; Quino-Ávila A.C.; Rubio-Barreto C.M.; González-Ruíz K.; Carrillo H.A.; Correa-Rodríguez M.; González-Jiménez E.; Rio-Valle J.S."This study aimed to evaluate the associations between the muscle mass to visceral fat (MVF) ratio and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large population of college students in Colombia and to propose cut-off points of ...Artículo. 2019
"Ideal cardiovascular health, handgrip strength, and muscle mass among college students: The fuprecol adults study" Garcia-Hermoso A.; Correa-Bautista J.E.; Izquierdo M.; Tordecilla-Sanders A.; Prieto-Benavides D.; Sandoval-Cuellar C.; González-Ruíz K.; Ramírez-Vélez R."The American Heart Association established the 2020 Strategic Impact Goals to define the concept of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) and the metrics needed to monitor it across populations. The purpose of this study was ...Artículo. 2019