Spatially-explicit modeling of multi-scale drivers of aboveground forest biomass and water yield in watersheds of the Southeastern United States
"Understanding ecosystem processes and the influence of regional scale drivers can provide useful information for managing forest ecosystems. Examining more local scale drivers of forest biomass and water yield can also provide insights for identifying and better understanding the effects of climate change and management on forests. We used diverse multi-scale datasets, functional models and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) to model ecosystem processes at the watershed scale and to interpret the influence of ecological drivers across the Southeastern United States (SE US). Aboveground forest biomass (AGB) was determined from available geospatial datasets and water yield was estimated using the Water Supply and Stress Index (WaSSI) model at the watershed level. Our geostatistical model examined the spatial variation in these relationships between ecosystem processes, climate, biophysical, and forest management variables at the watershed level across the SE US. Ecological and management drivers at the watershed level were analyzed locally to identify whether drivers contribute positively or negatively to aboveground forest biomass and water yield ecosystem processes and thus identifying potential synergies and tradeoffs across the SE US region. Although AGB and water yield drivers varied geographically across the study area, they were generally significantly influenced by climate (rainfall and temperature), land-cover factor1 (Water and barren), land-cover factor2 (wetland and forest), organic matter content high, rock depth, available water content, stand age, elevation, and LAI drivers. These drivers were positively or negatively associated with biomass or water yield which significantly contributes to ecosystem interactions or tradeoff/synergies. Our study introduced a spatially-explicit modelling framework to analyze the effect of ecosystem drivers on forest ecosystem structure, function and provision of services. This integrated model approach facilitates multi-scale analyses of drivers and interactions at the local to regional scale. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd"
Organic matter ; Rain ; Water ; Water ; Aboveground biomass ; Biophysics ; Climate change ; Ecoregion ; Ecosystem modeling ; Ecosystem service ; Forest ecosystem ; Forest management ; Leaf area index ; Organic matter ; Spatial analysis ; Trade-off ; Watershed ; Aboveground forest biomass ; Article ; Biomass ; Climate change ; Driver ; Driving ability ; Ecosystem ; Environmental management ; Environmental parameters ; Environmental temperature ; Forest ; Forest management ; Geographically weighted regression ; Human ; Land use ; Mathematical model ; Rock ; United states ; Water content ; Water supply ; Water supply and stress index ; Watershed ; Climate change ; United states ; Biomass ; Climate change ; Ecosystem ; Forests ; Southeastern united states ; Water ; Drivers ; Ecoregion ; Ecosystem services ; Geographically weighted regression ; Trade-offs ; Watershed ;
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