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Cycling to School and Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents

Título de la revista
Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson
García-Hermoso, Antonio
Agostinis-Sobrinho, Cesar
Mota, Jorge
Santos, Rute
Correa Bautista, Jorge Enrique
Amaya-Tambo, Deisy Constanza
Villa-González, Emilio



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Mosby Inc.


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Objective To evaluate the association between cycling to/from school and body composition, physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome among a sample of Colombian children and adolescents. Study design During the 2014-2015 school year, we examined a cross-sectional component of the Association for muscular strength with early manifestation of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Colombian children and adolescents (FUPRECOL) study. Participants included 2877 youths (54.5% girls) from Bogota, Colombia. A self-reported questionnaire was used to measure the frequency and mode of commuting to school. Four components of physical fitness were measured: (1) anthropometric (height, weight, body mass index, and waist circumference); (2) musculoskeletal (handgrip and standing long jump test); (3) motor (speed-agility test; 4 × 10-meter shuttle run); and (4) cardiorespiratory (20-m shuttle run test [20mSRT]). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined by the definitions provided by the International Diabetes Federation. Results Twenty-three percent of the sample reported commuting by cycle. Active commuting boys had a likelihood of having an unhealthy 4 × 10 m value (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.53-0.98; P =.038) compared with the reference group (passive commuters). Active commuting girls showed a lower likelihood of having unhealthy a 20mSRT value (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.56-0.99; P =.047) and metabolic syndrome (OR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.35-0.99; P =.048) compared with passive commuters. Conclusion Regular cycling to school may to be associated with better physical fitness and a lower incidence of metabolic syndrome than passive transport, especially in girls. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
Palabras clave
Adolescent , Anthropometric parameters , Article , Body composition , Cardiometabolic risk , Cardiorespiratory fitness , Cardiovascular disease , Child , Colombian , Cross-sectional study , Cycling , Female , Fitness , Hand grip , Human , Jumping , Major clinical study , Male , Metabolic syndrome x , Muscle strength , Priority journal , Sample , School , Standing , Traffic and transport , Anthropometry , Body composition , Colombia , Cycling , Exercise test , Fitness , Metabolic syndrome x , Pathophysiology , Physiology , Questionnaire , Risk factor , Adolescent , Anthropometry , Bicycling , Body composition , Child , Colombia , Cross-sectional studies , Exercise test , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic syndrome x , Physical fitness , Risk factors , Schools , Surveys and questionnaires , Transportation , Active commuting to school , Cardiometabolic risk factors , Obesity , Physical fitness , Youth