Child malnutrition and prenatal care: Evidence from three Latin American countries
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Pan American Health Organization
Objective. To examine the effect of prenatal care (PNC) on the level and distribution of child stunting in three Andean countries-Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru-where expanding access to such care has been an explicit policy intervention to tackle child malnutrition in utero and during early childhood. Methods. An econometric analysis of cross-sectional Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data was conducted. The analysis included ordinary least-squares (OLS) regressions, estimates of concentration curves, and decompositions of a concentration index. Results. The analysis shows that the use of PNC in Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru is only weakly associated with a reduction in the level of child malnutrition. Conclusions. Further expansion of PNC programs is unlikely to play a large role in reducing inequalities in malnutrition.
Age class , Child health , Econometrics , Health policy , Health survey , Malnutrition , Parental care , Bolivia , Colombia , Latin america , Peru , Adult , Bolivia , Child nutrition disorders , Colombia , Comparative study , Failure to thrive , Female , Health disparity , Human , Infant , Male , Peru , Pregnancy , Prenatal care , Preschool child , Prevalence , Standards , Adult , Bolivia , Child nutrition disorders , Child , Colombia , Failure to thrive , Female , Health status disparities , Humans , Infant , Male , Peru , Pregnancy , Prenatal care , Prevalence , Child nutrition disorders , Health inequalities , Latin america , Prenatal care , Stature by age