Electrostatic potential as a tool to understand interactions between malaria vaccine candidate peptides and MHC II molecules
One of the most important problems in vaccine development consists in understanding receptor-ligand interactions between Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex molecules (MHC II) and antigenic peptides involved in inducing an appropriate immune response. In this study, we used X-ray crystallography structural data provided by the HLA-DR?1*0301-CLIP peptide interaction to compare native non-immunogenic and specifically-modified immunogenic peptides derived from the malarial SALSA protein, by analyzing molecular electrostatic potential surfaces on the most important regions of the peptide binding groove (Pockets 1, 4, 6 and 9). Important differences were found on the electrostatic potential induced by these peptides, particularly in MHC II conserved residues: Q?9, S?53, N?62, N?69, Y?30, Y?60, W?61, Q?70, K?71 and V?86, the same ones involved in establishing hydrogen bonds between Class II molecule-peptide and the recognition by T cell receptor, it correlating well with the change in their immunological properties.The results clearly suggest that modifications done on the electrostatic potential of these amino acids could favor the induction of different immune responses and therefore, their identification could allow modifying peptides a priori and in silico, so as to render them into immunogenic and protection-inducers and hence suitable components of a chemically-synthesized, multi-antigenic, minimal subunit based vaccine. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
HLA DR1 antigen ; X-Ray ; Major histocompatibility antigen class 2 ; Malaria vaccine ; SALSA protein ; T lymphocyte receptor ; Unclassified drug ; Amino acid sequence ; Article ; Hydrogen bond ; Immune response ; Immunogenicity ; Priority journal ; Static electricity ; X ray crystallography ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Crystallography ; Histocompatibility Antigens Class II ; HLA-DR Antigens ; Humans ; Malaria Vaccines ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Peptides ; Protein Conformation ; Static Electricity ; HLA-dr?1*0301 ; Malaria ; Molecular electrostatic potential ; Receptor-ligand interaction ; SALSA ;
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