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Exercise, adipokines and pediatric obesity: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

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García-Hermoso, A
Ceballos-Ceballos, R J M
Poblete-Aro, C E
Hackney, A C
Mota, J
Ramírez-Vélez, R



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Nature Publishing Group

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Background/Objective:Adipokines are involved in the etiology of diabetes, insulin resistance, and the development of atherosclerosis and other latent-onset complications. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions on adipokines in pediatric obesity.Subjects/Methods:A computerized search was made using three databases. The analysis was restricted to studies that examined the effect of exercise interventions on adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, resistin and visfatin) in pediatric obesity (6-18 years old). Fourteen randomized controlled trials (347 youths) were included. Weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated.Results:Exercise was associated with a significant increase in adiponectin (WMD=0.882 ?g ml -1, 95% CI, 0.271-1.493) but did not alter leptin and resistin level. Likewise, exercise intensity and change in body fat; as well as total exercise program duration, duration of the sessions, and change in body fat all significantly influenced the effect of exercise on adiponectin and leptin, respectively.Conclusions:Exercise seems to increase adiponectin levels in childhood obesity. Our results also suggested that exercise on its own, without the concomitant presence of changes in body composition levels, does not affect leptin levels. © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
Palabras clave
Adipocytokine , human , Leptin , Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase , Resistin , Adipocytokine , Adiponectin , Adipoq protein , Bibliographic database , Body fat , Childhood obesity , Content analysis , Disease association , Disease control , Exercise , Exercise intensity , Human , Physical activity , Randomized controlled trial (topic) , Review , Sensitivity analysis , Child , Childhood obesity , Glucose blood level , Insulin resistance , Meta analysis , Metabolism , Pathophysiology , Physiology , Adipokines , Adiponectin , Blood glucose , Child , Exercise , Humans , Insulin resistance , Pediatric obesity , Randomized controlled trials as topic
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