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Adiposity as a full mediator of the influence of cardiorespiratory fitness and inflammation in schoolchildren: The FUPRECOL Study

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Garcia-Hermoso A.
Agostinis-Sobrinho C.
Mota J.
Santos R.M.
Correa-Bautista J.E.
Ramírez-Vélez R.



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Elsevier B.V.


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Background and aims Studies in the paediatric population have shown inconsistent associations between cardiorespiratory fitness and inflammation independently of adiposity. The purpose of this study was (i) to analyse the combined association of cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and (ii) to determine whether adiposity acts as a mediator on the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and hs-CRP in children and adolescents. Methods and results This cross-sectional study included 935 (54.7% girls) healthy children and adolescents from Bogotá, Colombia. The 20 m shuttle run test was used to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness. We assessed the following adiposity parameters: body mass index, waist circumference, and fat mass index and the sum of subscapular and triceps skinfold thickness. High sensitivity assays were used to obtain hs-CRP. Linear regression models were fitted for mediation analyses examined whether the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and hs-CRP was mediated by each of adiposity parameters according to Baron and Kenny procedures. Lower levels of hs-CRP were associated with the best schoolchildren profiles (high cardiorespiratory fitness + low adiposity) (p for trend and #x003C;0.001 in the four adiposity parameters), compared with unfit and overweight (low cardiorespiratory fitness + high adiposity) counterparts. Linear regression models suggest a full mediation of adiposity on the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and hs-CRP levels. Conclusions Our findings seem to emphasize the importance of obesity prevention in childhood, suggesting that having high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness may not counteract the negative consequences ascribed to adiposity on hs-CRP. © 2017 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University
Palabras clave
C reactive protein , Autacoid , Biological marker , C reactive protein , Adolescent , Article , Blood analysis , Body mass , Cardiorespiratory fitness , Child , Childhood obesity , Cross-sectional study , Dietary intake , Disease association , Fat mass , Female , Food intake , Human , Inflammation , Major clinical study , Male , Priority journal , School child , Sexual maturation , Skinfold thickness , Waist circumference , Age , Blood , Colombia , Inflammation , Obesity , Pathophysiology , Pediatric Obesity , Prevalence , Risk factor , Statistical model , Adiposity , Adolescent , Age Factors , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Child , Colombia , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Inflammation Mediators , Linear Models , Male , Pediatric Obesity , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Aerobic fitness , Colombia , High-sensitivity C-reactive protein , Youth population