Solo Metadatos

Interindividual responses to different exercise stimuli among insulin-resistant women

Título de la revista
Álvarez C.
Ramírez-Vélez R.
Ramírez-Campillo R.
Ito S.
Celis-Morales C.
García-Hermoso A.
Rodriguez-Mañas L.
Lucia A.
Izquierdo M.



ISSN de la revista
Título del volumen
Blackwell Munksgaard


Métricas alternativas

We aimed to investigate which among 20 cardiometabolic and performance outcomes do and do not respond to high-intensity interval training (HIT), resistance training (RT), or concurrent training (CT) in insulin-resistant adult women. A secondary aim was to report the training-induced changes and the prevalence of non-responders. Forty-five insulin-resistant adult women were randomly assigned to one of the following 4 groups: HIT (39.2 ± 9.5 years [y]; body mass index [BMI], 29.3 ± 3.3; n = 14), RT (33.9 ± 9.3 y; BMI, 29.4 ± 5.5; n = 8), CT (43.3 ± 8.1 y; BMI, 29.1 ± 2.9; n = 10), and a control group (CG, 40.1 ± 11.4 y; BMI, 28.3 ± 3.5; n = 13). Nine body composition, 3 cardiovascular, 3 metabolic, and 5 performance outcomes were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks of intervention. Considering all outcomes, the lowest number of total non-responses for one or more variables was found in the RT group, followed by the CT and HIT groups. Individuals in the CG group were classified as non-responders for almost all the variables. Moreover, there were several significant changes in body composition and metabolic parameters, including fasting glucose (HIT: ?5.7, RT ?5.1 mg/d), fasting insulin (HIT: ?0.6, RT ?0.6 ?IU/mL), and HOMA-IR (HIT: ?0.3, RT ?0.4), in addition to improvements in cardiovascular and performance parameters. Also, there were significant differences among groups in the prevalence of non-responders for the variables where a non-response was detected. Overall, the study suggests that independent of the mode of training including volume and frequency, RT has an important ability to reduce the prevalence of non-response to improve the 20 outcomes of health and performance in insulin-resistant adult women. © 2018 John Wiley and Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Palabras clave
Adult , Blood pressure , Body composition , Body mass , Cardiorespiratory fitness , Comparative study , Controlled study , Exercise , Female , Glucose blood level , High intensity interval training , Human , Insulin resistance , Middle aged , Muscle strength , Physiology , Randomized controlled trial , Resistance training , Adult , Blood glucose , Blood pressure , Body composition , Body mass index , Cardiorespiratory fitness , Exercise , Female , High-intensity interval training , Humans , Insulin resistance , Middle aged , Muscle strength , Resistance training , Exercise , Insulin resistance , Non-responders , Responders , Risk factors , Women