Lexical and phonological processing in visual word recognition by stuttering children: Evidence from Spanish
"A number of studies have pointed out that stuttering-like disfluencies could be the result of failures in central and linguistic processing. The goal of the present paper is to analyze if stuttering implies deficits in the lexical and phonological processing in visual word recognition. This study compares the performance of 28 children with and without stuttering in a standard lexical decision task in a transparent orthography: Spanish. Word frequency and syllable frequency were manipulated in the experimental words. Stutterers were found to be considerably slower (in their correct responses) and produced more errors than the non- stutterers (?(1) = 36.63, p and lt;.001, ?2 =.60). There was also a facilitation effect of syllable frequency, restricted to low frequency words and only in the stutterers group (t1(10) = 3.67, p and lt;.005; t2(36) = 3.10, p and lt;.001). These outcomes appear to suggest that the decoding process of stutterers exhibits a deficit in the interface between the phonological-syllabic level and the word level. Copyright © Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid 2014."
Case control study ; Child ; Female ; Human ; Language ; Linguistics ; Male ; Phonetics ; Psychology ; Recognition ; Stuttering ; Case-control studies ; Child ; Female ; Humans ; Language ; Linguistics ; Male ; Phonetics ; Recognition (psychology) ; Stuttering ; Phonological encoding ; Reading ; Stuttering ; Syllable ; Word processing ;
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