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Child labor, rainfall shocks, and financial inclusion: Evidence from rural Colombia

dc.contributor.advisorPrem, Mounu
dc.creatorBernal Macias, Carolina
dc.creator.degreeMagíster en Economíaspa
dc.creator.degreeLevelMaestría
dc.creator.degreetypeFull timespa
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-23T13:16:32Z
dc.date.available2021-08-23T13:16:32Z
dc.date.created2021-08-19
dc.descriptionEste documento examina el efecto de los choques de lluvia sobre la asignación de tiempo entre las actividades de trabajo infantil (el margen intensivo) y la participación en actividades educativas y laborales (el margen extensivo) al enfrentar a los hogares a un trade-off intertemporal entre el aumento de los ingresos familiares actuales (trabajo infantil) y mayores ingresos potenciales futuros (escolarización). Específicamente, muestro hasta qué punto estos choques de ingresos llevan a los hogares a aumentar su oferta de trabajo infantil y si la inclusión financiera de los hogares mitiga o exacerba los efectos de estos choques, utilizando datos de una encuesta longitudinal de hogares en las zonas rurales de Colombia. Los principales hallazgos son que los choques de lluvia inducen a los hogares a elegir beneficios inmediatos en lugar de beneficios a largo plazo al aumentar la probabilidad de trabajo infantil y reducir la probabilidad de asistir a la escuela. Además, los préstamos formales refuerzan el efecto de los choques de lluvia sobre la probabilidad de que un niño trabaje, mientras que los seguros agropecuarios y los préstamos agrícolas permiten a los hogares lidiar con este trade-off de manera óptima al reducir la probabilidad.spa
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the effect of rainfall shocks on the allocation of time among child labor activities (the intensive margin) and the participation in education and labor activities (the extensive margin) by confronting households with an intertemporal trade-off between increased current household income (child labor) and higher potential future earnings (schooling). Specifically, I show the extent to which these income shocks lead households to increase their child labor supply and whether household financial inclusion mitigates or exacerbates the effects of these shocks, using data from a panel household survey in rural Colombia. The main findings are that rainfall shocks induce households to choose immediate benefits instead of long-run benefits by increasing the probability of child labor and reducing the probability of attending school. Moreover, formal loans reinforce the effect of rainfall shocks on the probability that a child works, whereas agricultural insurance and agricultural loans allow households to deal with this trade-off optimally by reducing the probability.spa
dc.format.extent30 pp.spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.geoLocationColombiaspa
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.48713/10336_32286
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.urosario.edu.co/handle/10336/32286
dc.language.isoengspa
dc.publisherUniversidad del Rosariospa
dc.publisher.departmentFacultad de Economíaspa
dc.publisher.programMaestría en Economíaspa
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 2.5 Colombia*
dc.rights.accesRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.accesoAbierto (Texto Completo)spa
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dc.source.instnameinstname:Universidad del Rosario
dc.source.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional EdocUR
dc.subjectTrabajo infantilspa
dc.subjectChoques climáticosspa
dc.subjectAsistencia al colegiospa
dc.subjectInclusión financieraspa
dc.subjectCifras de trabajo infantil en Colombiaspa
dc.subjectImpacto del trabajo infantil en la situación económica de los hogares ruralesspa
dc.subjectTrabajo infantil rural en Colombiaspa
dc.subjectSituación socioeconómica de los hogares campesinos en Colombiaspa
dc.subjectFactores que afectan la escolaridad rural en Colombiaspa
dc.subjectEfecto de la temporada de lluvias sobre el aumento del trabajo infantil y la deserción escolarspa
dc.subjectImpacto de los créditos agrícolas sobre el trabajo infantilspa
dc.subjectEfecto del cambio climático sobre el capital humano ruralspa
dc.subject.ddcProblemas sociales & bienestar social en generalspa
dc.subject.keywordChild laborspa
dc.subject.keywordWeather shocksspa
dc.subject.keywordSchoolingspa
dc.subject.keywordFinancial inclusionspa
dc.subject.keywordFigures of child labor in Colombiaspa
dc.subject.keywordImpact of child labor on the economic situation of rural householdsspa
dc.subject.keywordRural child labor in Colombiaspa
dc.subject.keywordSocioeconomic situation of peasant households in Colombiaspa
dc.subject.keywordFactors that affect rural schooling in Colombiaspa
dc.subject.keywordEffect of the rainy season on the increase in child labor and school dropoutsspa
dc.subject.keywordImpact of agricultural credits on child laborspa
dc.subject.keywordEffect of climate change on rural human capitaspa
dc.titleChild labor, rainfall shocks, and financial inclusion: Evidence from rural Colombiaspa
dc.title.TranslatedTitleTrabajo infantil, choques de lluvia, e inclusión financiera: Evidencia rural para Colombiaspa
dc.typemasterThesiseng
dc.type.documentArtículospa
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.type.spaTesis de maestríaspa
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